Rift Valley Fever is a disease that affects animals (particularly livestock) and is spread by mosquitoes. While it is not currently in the US, many groups (such as the USDA) are worried about a possible introduction. We studied how the disease could arrive in the US, as well as the best sampling strategies to detect the disease.
We won a public choice award for our video on the possibility of Rift Valley Fever entering the US: http://posterhall.org/igert2013/posters/338 and published a paper on early detection of zoonotic diseases.
Ferguson, J.M., Langebrake, J.B., Cannataro, V., Garcia, A.J., Hamman, E.A., Martcheva, M. Osenberg, C.W. 2014. Optimal sampling strategies for detecting zoonotic disease epidemics. PLOS Computation Biology 10(6): e1003668. (PDF)